The following is a select bibliography of secondary sources that were particularly important in developing the framing and researching the stories featured in Out in the World: Ireland’s LGBTQ+ Diaspora.

For a valuable overview of Irish LGBTQ+ scholarship, archives and exhibitions see Dr Patrick McDonagh’s Irish LGBT+ Studies Resource List.

Annat, Aurelia, ‘”The Red Sunrise”: Gender, Violence and Nation in Ella Young’s Vision of a New Ireland’, in Pilz, Anna and Standlee, Whitney, eds., Irish Women’s Writing, 1878-1922: Advancing the Cause of Liberty (Manchester, 2018), pp. 191-208.

Burns, Catherine M., ‘Kathleen O’Brennan and American Identity in the Transatlantic Irish Republican Movement’, in Gleeson, David, ed., The Irish in the Atlantic World (Columbia, 2012), pp. 176-194.

Cain, Joey, ‘Homogenics at Home, 1924: Important Carpenter Photo Identified’, Edward Carpenter Forum,

Carter, David A., Stonewall: The Riots that Sparked the Gay Revolution (New York, 2013)

Charczun, Anna, ‘Lesbian Migrant Writing: From Lesbian Nation to Queer Diaspora’, Studi Irlandesi: A Journal of Irish Studies, no. 9 (2019), pp. 91-112.

Chauncey, George, Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940 (New York, 1994)

Chesser, Lucy Sarah, Parting with my Sex: Cross-dressing, Inversion and Sexuality in Australian Cultural Life (Sydney, 2008)

Cohen, Lisa, All We Know: Three Lives (New York, 2013)

Coogan, Tim Pat, Wherever Green is Worn: The Story of the Irish Diaspora (London, 2000)

Cook, Matt, Queer Domesticities: Homosexuality and Home Life in Twentieth-Century London (Basingstoke, 2014)

Coulter, Riann ‘Gerard Dillon: Nationalism, Homosexuality, and the Modern Irish Artist’, Eire-Ireland, 45:3&4 (Fall/Winter, 2010), pp. 63-94.

Cronin, Michael G. ‘”He’s My Country”: Liberalism, Nationalism, and Sexuality in Contemporary Irish Gay Fiction’, Eire-Ireland, 39 (3&4), pp. 250-267.

Dillon, Michael (Jivaka, Lobzang), Out of the Ordinary: A Life of Gender and Spiritual Transitions (New York 2017) – N.B., Susan Stryker’s foreword and the introduction by the editors, Jacob Lau and Cameron Partridge particular useful here as scholarly writing on Dillon by trans scholars.

Dixon, Joy, ‘Sexology and the Occult: Sexuality and Subjectivity in Theosophy’s New Age’, in Elizabeth A. Castilli, ed., Women, Gender, Religion: A Reader (Basingstoke, 2001), pp. 288-309.

Doyle, Gavin C., “’Tis the Queerest Trade We Have”: AIDS, Orality, and Irish Storytelling in James McCourt’s Time Remaining’, MELUS, 44:4 (Winter, 2019), pp. 197-219.

Drinane, Kate, ‘Finding the Rainbow Needle in the Research Haystack’, Museum International, 73:3-4, pp. 82-93.

Dunn, Thomas R., Queerly Remembered: Rhetorics for Representing the GLBTQ Past (Columbia, 2016).

Earls, Averill, Queering Dublin: Same-Sex Desire and Masculinities in Ireland, 1884-1950 (University of Buffalo PhD Thesis, 2016)

Fisher, John, McComb, Kristie, et. al, Outlaws & Inlaws: Your Guide to LGBT Rights, Same-sex Relationships and Canadian Law (Ottawa, 2004)

Fortier, Ann-Marie, ‘”Coming Home” Queer Migrations and Multiple Evocations of Home’, European Journal of Cultural Studies, 4:4, pp. 405-424.

Garden, Alison, ‘Queering the Poetics of Race and Nationalism: Yeats, Casement, and Paul Muldoon’s “A Clear Signal” (1992)’, New Hibernia Review, 22:4, pp. 78-96.

—, The Literary Afterlives of Roger Casement (Liverpool, 2020)

Gould, Deborah B., Moving Politics: Emotion and ACT UP’s Fight Against AIDS (Chicago, 2009)

Helquist, Michael, Marie Equi: Radical Politics and Outlaw Passions (Corvallis, 2015)

Hodgkinson, Liz, From a Girl to a Man: How Laura Became Michael (London, 2015)

Hodges, Adam J., World War I and Urban Order: The Local Class Politics of National Mobilization (New York, 2016)

Hogan, Liam, ‘”I Will Sing the Song of Companionship”: Peter Doyle – Former Confederate, Walt Whitman’s Muse & Lover’, Irish in the American Civil War site:

Houlbrook, Matt, Queer London: perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis, 1918-1957 (Chicago, 2005)

Kennedy, Pagan, The First Man-Made Man: The Story of Two Sex Changes, One Love Affair, and a Twentieth-Century Medical Revolution (New York, 2007)

Kerrigan, Páraic, ‘Projecting a Queer Republic: Mainstreaming Queer Identities on Irish Documentary Film’, Studies in Documentary Film, 13:1 (2019), pp. 1-17.

LaViolette, Nicole, ‘Coming Out to Canada: The Immigration of Same-Sex Couples Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act’, McGill Law Journal, 49 (2004), pp. 969-1003.

Leeworthy, Daryl, ‘Rainbow Crossings: Gay Irish Migrants and LGBT Politics in 1980s London’, Studi Irlandesi, 2020, pp. 79-99.

McDiarmid, Lucy, The Irish Art of Controversy (Ithaca, 2018)

McNally, Frank, ‘Walt’s Partner – a Limerick Man Beloved of Walt Whitman’, Irish Times, 31 May 2019,

Madden, Ed, ‘”The Wake? What of It?”: Figures of Loss in the Migrant Plays of Colm O’Clubhan’, in Deirdre Flynn and Eugene O’Brien, eds., Representations of Loss in Irish Literature (Palgrave, 2018), pp. 175-195.

, ‘Queering the Irish Diaspora: David Rees and Padraig Rooney’, Eire-Ireland, 47:1&2, (Spring/Summer, 2012), pp. 172-200.

Maguire, Anne, Rock the Sham!: The Irish Lesbian & Gay Organization’s Battle to March in New York City’s St Patrick’s Day Parade (New York, 2005)

Mannion, Jen, Female Husbands: A Trans History (Cambridge, 2020)

McAuliffe, Mary, ‘”Having No Use at All for Men’: Same-sex Relationships among Irish Women Revolutionary and Feminist Activists’, Online Talk Delivered to the DFA LGBTQ Staff Network, 24 February 2020.

Milligan, Kathryn, ‘Temporary Exile: The White Stag Group in Dublin, 1939-1946, in Burcu Dogramaci, Marieke Hetschold, Laura Karp Lugo, et al, Arriving Cities: Migrating Artists and New Metropolitan Topographies in the 20th Century (Leuven, 2020), pp. 317-333.

Macleod, Morna, ‘Protesting Against Torture in Pinochet’s Chile: Movimiento Contra la Tortura Sebastian Acevedo’, in Macleod, Morna and De Marinas, Natalia, eds., Resisting Violence: emotional Communities in Latin America (Basingstoke, 2019).

Murray, Martin G., ‘”Pete the Great”: A Biography of Peter Doyle’, Walt Whitman Quarterly Review, 12:1 (1994), pp. 1-51.

—, ‘Walt Whitman, Edward Carpenter, Gavin Arthur and the Circle of Sex’, Walt Whitman Quarterly Review, 22:3 (2005), pp. 194-198.

Noone, Chris, Keogh, Brian, Buggy, Conor J., Far From Home: Life as an LGBT Migrant in Ireland, Technical Report Published by the National LGBT Federation, November 2018.

O’Brien, Cormac, ‘Ireland in the Age of AIDS’, Irish Review, 53 (2016), pp. 45-59.

O’Donnell, Katherine ‘St Patrick’s Day Expulsions: Race and Homophobia in New York’s Parade’, Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture, Balzano, Wanda, Mulhall, Anne and Sullivan, Moynagh, eds. (Basingstoke, 2007), pp. 128-39.

O’Toole, Tina, ‘Ce Leis Tu? Queering Irish Migrant Literature’, Irish University Review (Spring/Summer, 2013), 43:1, pp. 131-145.

Reeves, Thomas C., ‘The Search for the Chester Alan Arthur Papers’, The Wisconsin Magazine of History, 44:4 (Summer, 1972), pp. 310-319.

Reid, Kris and Sandell, Richard, ‘LGBTQ Heritage and Collections – SSN Literature Review’, Draft for Discussion, OUTing the Past: The International Festival of LGBTI+ History, March 2021.

Ryan-Flood, Róisín, ‘Sexuality, Citizenship and Migration: The Irish Queer Diaspora in London’, in Stella, Francesca, Taylor, Yvette, et al, eds., Sexuality, Citizenship and Belonging: Trans-national and Intersectional Perspectives (London, 2016)

—, ‘Staying Connected: Irish Lesbian and Gay Narratives of Family’, in Connolly, Linda, ed., The “Irish” Family (Abingdon, 2015), pp. 187-201.

Schaffer, Talia, ‘”A Wilde Desire Took Me”: The Homoerotic History of Dracula’, ELH, 61:2 (Summer, 1994), pp. 381-419.

Smith, Evan, and Leeworthy, Daryl, ‘Before Pride: The Struggle for the Recognition of Gay Rights in the British Communist Movement, 1973-85’, Twentieth Century British History, 27:4 (2016), pp. 621-642.

Tiernan, Sonja, Eva Gore-Booth: An Image of Such Politics (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012)

, ‘Challenging Presumptions of Heterosexuality: Eva Gore-Booth, A Biographical Case Study’, Historical Reflections, 37:2 (Summer, 2011), pp. 58-71.

, ‘” Engagements Dissolved”: Eva Gore-Booth, Urania and the Radical Challenge to Marriage’, in Tiernan and Mary McAuliffe, eds., Tribades, Tommies and Transgressives: History of Sexualities: Vol. 1 (Newcastle, 2008), pp. 128-144.

—, The History of Marriage Equality in Ireland: A Social Revolution Begins (Manchester, 2020).

Walshe, Eibhear, ‘Invisible Irelands: Kate O’Brien’s Lesbian and Gay Social Formations in London and Ireland in the Twentieth Century’, SQS, 1 (2006), pp. 39-48.

William White, Larence, ‘Dillon, Michael’, in McGuire, James, and Quinn, James, eds., Dictionary of Irish Biography (Cambridge, 2009).

Wulf, Karin A., Not All Wives: Women of Colonial Philadelphia (Ithaca, 2019).